A First: India to Launch First Simulated Space Warfare Exercise

The Indian government seems to be on the point of conduct a table-top conflict sport known as “IndSpaceEx” related to all stakeholders which includes the army and the clinical establishment. The reviews of this sort of improvement, which come in opposition to the backdrop of different key tendencies touching on outer area along with the demonstration of India’s anti-satellite tv for pc (ASAT) capability and the status quo of the new tri-service Defence Space Agency (DSA), endure cautious looking in the broader perspective of India’s space policy.

For India, space is a site that has remained noticeably peaceful for near to 3 many years, but is now changing because the nature of politics and competition in outer space is tons more contested nowadays. Terrestrial politics is casting a long and heavy shadow on outer space, and India couldn’t have omitted those trends, of which China is only a part.

Along with the developing relevance of area to country wide protection and traditional navy operations, counter-area competencies also are being developed which will deny an adversary advantages with the aid of using space property. The increase of counter-area capabilities along with kinetic physical, non-kinetic bodily, electronic, and cyber method has sparked a clean opposition in outer space.


The more and more contested nature of space has been an impetus to India’s changing method to outer area, moving from a purely civilian and peaceful approach to one where positive army characteristics are evident, conditioned by changing safety realities. Militaries round the sector have been emphasizing community centricity which in flip brings out the salience of space for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance” (C4ISR), and as they’ve come to be greater networked, they’re also commencing themselves up to increasingly more vulnerabilities, even as anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons have additionally delivered to the possibilities for destabilizing situations in outer space.

India’s ASAT demonstration earlier this year changed into critical in validating its deterrence functionality. Meanwhile, the status quo of the new tri-service Defence Space Agency (DSA), based totally in Bangalore, is an vital institutional initiative that mixes key features carried out by means of the Defence Imagery Processing and Analysis Centre (DIPAC) in Delhi and the Defence Satellite Control Centre in Bhopal, representing the growing integration of India’s space skills.

Reports of the brand new wargame IndSpaceEx ought to be examine as a part of those wider traits. One of the reported dreams of the IndSpaceEx, to be held closer to the give up of July under the Integrated Defence Staff of the Ministry of Defence, is to advantage a higher know-how of the contemporary and rising challenges within the space safety domain.

Another motive the wargame is also being undertaken to have a better appreciation of the competencies that India need to develop so that you can guard its property and at ease its national pursuits. India has been developing aware of the growing variety of threats in outer space, both herbal and man-made ones. While the worldwide space competition between the important thing spacefaring powers is a famous reality, New Delhi has concerns about the counter-area capabilities in China’s inventory.

Such wargames are not unusual. Indeed, think-tanks and governments in all the major spacefaring nations have carried out table-pinnacle and simulation physical activities to recognize area security crisis dynamics, predominant vulnerabilities and functionality gaps for the duration of war. These may want to then feed into policy making. For instance, many of the suppose-tank network inside the outer space domain, the Secure World Foundation and the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (each based within the United States) as well as the Observer Research Foundation have engaged in numerous such physical activities.

These sports were finished to apprehend disaster dynamics together with decision-making techniques, the attainment of countrywide goals, the changing nature of struggle, and the affect and impact of rising technology. Even when these exercises were played with a space security focus, the effects had been revealing. For instance, the ORF simulation exercising (SIMEX) carried out over three years has visible notable conclusions.  Still, states have resisted carrying out attacks on outer space assets due to the concern of escalation.

The Indian authorities’s proposed struggle gaming exercise seems to have a slightly narrower agenda in terms of expertise the vulnerabilities and the gaps in India’s space safety and identifying areas for India to expand and make stronger in phrases of technological capabilities on the way to establish powerful deterrence skills. China has been the unmarried maximum crucial aspect shaping India’s approach to area. The growing sophistication of its navy space application, which includes the recent release of a rocket from a deliver, is good sized.

Clearly, efforts like the IndSpaceEx are critical to decide the diploma of the distance protection demanding situations India faces and to broaden appropriate measures for powerful deterrence. But India have to step up its efforts to increase global rules and norms about such challenges and threats. While India need to preserve operating in the direction of all-encompassing legally-binding units including the Prevention of Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS), the growing specter of threats method that extra pragmatic and viable measures should also be attempted because these may want to see greater wide-primarily based help among states. Having demonstrated its ASAT functionality, India is in an ideal area to demonstrate its worldwide governance credentials.

Duane Simpson

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